Five hundred acres of voluptuous hillsides are peppered with wandering eyes, concrete lumps and hollowed Hepworths, all cohabiting the landscape with grazing sheep. Yorkshire Sculpture Park is perhaps one of the only sites in the UK where you might confuse an ovine watering trough with a modernist sculpture. Now it also houses the only chapel where you might experience an actual divine intervention at the hands of South Korean artist Kimsooja.
The park’s 18th-century deconsecrated chapel has been blessed with a lineage of creative consecrations by the likes of Bill Viola, Chiharu Shiota and Ai Weiwei, whose Iron Tree still sprouts its rust-ridden limbs outside the entrance. Now it’s Kimsooja’s turn and she’s delving into mirrors, prisms and the inexhaustible variety of light.
During the last 25 years of her career, the artist’s go-to metaphor has become the South Korean bottari: a bundle of fabric used to transport possessions from place to place, an object that symbolises both home comforts and the geographical dislocation of migrants. In her installation 〈To Breathe〉, the chapel has been wrapped like an architectural bottari.
Each window is encased in a translucent film etched with thousands of micro scratches – a method known as ‘diffraction grating’. The effect is a fluctuating prismatic haze, which is nothing short of entrancing. Shards of intangible, psychedelic light shoot under and around your body; when one crosses your line of sight directly, it pierces your retina like a white-hot needle. Kimsooja takes you for a dizzying ride on her colour wheel, which leaves you wondering when the acid will wear off. For the artist, viewers ‘play an operative role in the work’s existence, disrupting the normative “passive consumer” role of an audience’.
‘The gaze of the audience is a needle, “sewing” the piece as their gaze weaves in and out’
The chapel’s architecture has been exploited as much as respected. The historical framework is intact, but it’s been stripped of Christianity and spun into a vessel of anonymous faith. The walls are are awash in white, the altar has been reduced to a step, and in lieu of any organ for the loft, Kimsooja has composed her own recorded soundscape to ‘activate the aural space’.
She hums, moans and breathes on loop in a ritualistic, lamenting chant of varying pace and force. At this point, things start to feel more asthmatic than aesthetic, like the aftermath of a sprint up the hill to the chapel. The huffs and puffs of respiratory desperation climax before dropping off like a sneeze that never materialises. The audio begins to take a back seat, and you start to appreciate the rhythm of it all – a warming, womblike cocoon to accompany a truly exceptional view.
The expansive mirrored floor looks like slick oil, cloning the chapel interior and doubling your sense of disorientation. You gaze down into a plunging portal to limbo; reflected back at you is possibly the most unflattering upward angle of your body you will ever see. But coupled with the intimate, breathy soundtrack that feels as though the artist is present at all times, this paints a picture of self-consciousness rather than self-absorption, more Big Brother than Narcissus. ‘The gaze of the audience is a needle, “sewing” the piece as their gaze weaves in and out,’ Kimsooja reflects.